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Friday, August 12, 2022

Analysis: Catching up with the monkeypox epidemic

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But While Covid-19 has killed millions worldwide, monkeypox in general clear after a few weeks. These are very different diseases.

Add to that the fact that monkeypox spreads mainly through skin-to-skin contact and has so far affected many gay men and others men who have sex with men, raising concerns about stigma affecting responses.

The lack of access to testing and the slow delivery of a vaccine has raised questions about what governments and public health officials have learned from Covid-19 about how to prepare for a medical emergency. next public sector.

Note: CNN’s The most comprehensive report on Thursday came from Virginia Langmaid and Deidre McPhillips, and I took most of what’s below from there.

What is the scale of this outbreak?

Monkeypox is common in 11 countries in tropical Africa. The new, alarming development is that it has spread around the world this year in an unprecedented way.

There have been previously recorded cases in the US, including two in 2021, but nothing on the scale of this current outbreak, which has exceeded 1,000 cases recorded in the US, according to CDC.

The most recorded cases have occurred in Europe: in Spain, Germany and the UK.

CDC’s map of recorded cases in the US shows it has spread across the country for all but a few states.

The states most affected include California, New York and Illinois, as well as Washington, DC.

What is the worst case scenario?

The fear is that monkeypox could spread widely population in the United States, and the worldwide outbreak could make the virus a permanent fixture.

Monkeypox can be dangerous and even deadly in some people, such as those with weakened immune systems.

What are the symptoms like?

It can take up to two weeks for symptoms to develop. They usually start with fever, chills, and swollen lymph nodes. Extremely painful red bumps filled with fluid may then form, which usually appear on the genitals but can All over the body.

And see one’s warning: You don’t want to get this disease.

The true spread is probably much wider

The true extent of the outbreak in the US may still be unknown. Read this NPR account about how a man who suspected he had smallpox in New York had trouble getting tested in New York last month.

Why is it so hard to get a test?

Even people who really want to get a test often have to spend time and energy to get a test.

Langmaid and McPhillips reported how two different men were tested repeatedly. Here is an excerpt from their story:

Christian Redondo, a graduate student in Atlanta, noticed a sore and called his local medical board, which said they weren’t testing and referred him to his primary care physician. .

His primary care physician told him to go to the emergency room for a test, but Redondo was able to contact a friend at his county health department who said yes, in fact, he he will need to go there to check.

“Then I was in the waiting room, I don’t know, about four or five hours. It was a very long time. And when I asked them about it, they said they had to wait for the CDC’s permission. even tested me for monkeypox,” he said.

How will the test problem be solved?

The CDC says it will now work with five private companies to expand access to the tests. That should help, according to Dr. Saju Mathew, CNN primary care physician and medical analyst, who talked to “New Day” last weekend.

But the lack of testing is not simply a matter of capacity, he said.

“I think it’s really a combination of the lack of access, the fact that a lot of doctors are uncomfortable with the diagnosis. And, remember, the monkeypox rash… looks a lot like that. a rash in someone with shingles or chickenpox. . . so a lot of different challenges to overcome.”

He also spoke about the dangers of a stigma attached to the disease. It is spreading mainly in the gay community, but anyone can get it.

“We should be careful about not stigmatizing this disease and stopping people who are not really open about their sexuality from seeking care,” says Mathew.

What about vaccines?

While the Covid-19 vaccine is completely preventable, the monkeypox vaccine can be given to both people in high-risk groups and those who think they may have been exposed. It is called the Jynneos vaccine and is manufactured by Bavarian Nordic in Denmark.

It is increasingly difficult or impossible to find in many parts of the United States. Doses were pegged as soon as they were allocated to cities and states. According to the White House, new shipments are expected to arrive from Denmark soon.

Politicians and public health officials are trying creatively to expand access to a vaccine, which is usually given in two doses over four weeks. New York Mayor Eric Adams suggested in a letter to the White House that a single-dose starter course be allowed to get more people vaccinated.

It’s an idea that the Bavarian Nordic has also proposed.

Concern around the world

Meanwhile, the World Health Organization refused back in June to classify monkeypox as a public health emergency of international concern. Now, with cases on the rise, the agency Will reevaluate that decision at a meeting next week.

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Teja
Teja
I am passionate about journalism and using new technology to spread news. I am also interested in politics and economics, and I am always looking for ways to make a difference in the world. I am the CEO of Janaseva News, and I am 24 years old.

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