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Unified government of Italy Teeters, when Mario Draghi offered to resign

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ROME – Italy’s golden period of stability suddenly appeared on the brink of familiar chaos on Thursday after Prime Minister Mario Draghi submitted his resignation in response to an uprising by anti-establishment populists in government. his broad national unity government.

But in a sign of how traumatic Draghi’s departure would be for Italy, the country’s president refused to accept his resignation, essentially freezing the political situation for the country. until next week, when Mr. Draghi will address Parliament.

The sudden crisis of government, theatrical and behind-the-scenes plots, plunge Italy into suspended animation and create a potential disaster for Europe as it searches for a united front against Russia’s aggression in Ukraine, and facing a wave of Covid infections and an energy crisis.

On Thursday night, Italian politicians and analysts struggled to figure out exactly what happened – and what will happen next. Despite Mr Draghi’s stated intention to step down, there is still a chance he will remain in power if key political figures refuse the temptation to start and return to the ranks.

Among them was the person who sparked the uprising, former Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte of the Five Star Movement.

But the events of the day also make it clear that the weight of elections scheduled for early 2023 will continue to pull all parties apart, and Mr. becomes a condition for him to stay, may still insist on resigning.

When he submitted his resignation, Mr. Draghi said that “much of the national unity, which has supported this government since its inception, no longer exists.”

Italian President Sergio Mattarella “does not accept the resignation,” according to a statement from Mattarella’s office, and instead invited Draghi to speak to Parliament in the coming days to resolve the “situation” arose”.

Most agree that the next five days, before Mr Draghi’s speech in Parliament to explain his reasoning, will be crucial.

Enrico Letta, leader of the Democratic Party, said in a Twitter post: “There are 5 more days to work so that Congress can confirm its confidence in the Draghi government and Italy can get out of the way. excruciating difficulty they are going through right now.”

If Mr. Mattarella or the political parties that want the government to continue cannot convince Mr. Draghi to stay, it means instability not only for Italy but for Europe as a whole, and there will be uncertain times. sick. The European Union, of which Draghi is a staunch supporter, is struggling to stay united in the face of Russian President Putin’s aggression in Ukraine.

After Mr. Draghi took office in early 2021, when the Italian President asked him to resolve a political crisis caused by the collapse of Mr. Conte’s government, he led the country out of the worst days of the pandemic. Covid epidemic and help the government achieve high results. experts have brought Italy out of political and economic turmoil.

Mr. Draghi, a European giant often referred to as Super Mario for his role in saving the euro as president of the European Central Bank, immediately raised the international profile and the confidence of the investor. Italian investment.

His promise of steady steering has helped Italy receive more than 200 billion euros, or about 240 billion dollars, in bailout funds from Europe – a transformative sum that has given Italy its modern opportunity. the best in decades.

Draghi brought moderate growth to Italy, implemented reforms to the judicial system and tax code, streamlined the Italian bureaucracy, and found diverse energy sources far from Russia, including including renewable energy.

Along the way, he made populism unfashionable and admirable, and he repositioned Italy as a credible force for democratic values ​​in Europe.

Perhaps most importantly, he played a key role in promoting Italy, which often maintains a close, trading, and opaque relationship with Russia, into the mainstream of Europe. questions of support for Ukraine and sanctions against Russia. Italy was the first major Western country to publicly support Ukraine’s eventual membership in the European Union.

Draghi’s potential departure opens the door to forces more sympathetic to Putin.

Matteo Salvini, the nationalist leader of the League party who once wore a shirt with Putin on it, whose widespread support and institutional influence have waned over the past two years. , suddenly back to the important.

While the Five Star, after causing the crisis, seems ready to support the government after all, Mr. Salvini, who has also made huge demands on Mr. Draghi, now has reason to claim government ended, allowing him to return without necessarily accepting the blame for the campaign he excelled in.

“If a coalition party doesn’t support a government decree, that’s enough,” Salvini told Italian television. “Obviously we should go to the polls.”

He is not the only Italian political force to welcome Draghi’s departure and the holding of early elections.

“With Draghi’s resignation, for the Brothers of Italy, this legislature is over,” said Giorgia Meloni, the hardline leader who has stayed in the opposition. “This parliament no longer represents the Italians. We will fight to give back to the Italian people what the citizens of all other democracies have: the freedom to choose who to represent them. Immediate elections”.

The revolt of the remnants of a time of great power and rebellion Five Star Movement led by Mr. Conte, who has a habit of asking Mr. Draghi for concessions so that he continues to support.

He argued that the government had not set aside enough funds for the cost of living package. Five Star – a company traditionally close to Russia – also opposes providing substantial military assistance to Ukraine in response to the Russian invasion.

This time, Five Star deemed unacceptable because of the bill to bail out soaring energy costs, which included an incinerator in Rome.

Mr Draghi, after days of seeking a compromise with Mr Conte, opted for a vote of confidence early on Thursday in an attempt to call Mr Conte a bluff. This time, Mr. Conte led his group on a walk.

Although the government exists – by a vote of 172 to 39 – Mr. Draghi has made it clear that he will not lead a unity government without unity. Convinced that the alliance was no longer viable, he decided it was time for him to leave.

“Over the past few days, for my part, I have made every effort to continue on the common path, even trying to meet the needs that political parties have raised,” Draghi said in a statement. announced his resignation and added that solidarity was “basic in addressing the challenges of the past few months. These conditions are no longer available. I thank you for your work, many results have been achieved. “

Five Star, whose backing has collapsed after a tumultuous period of government run and Mr Draghi’s succession, could very well be horribly affected if Italy holds new elections. But as the 2023 election deadline approaches, the Five Stars are also less likely to lose, and Mr Draghi’s government is expected to face more wars and inter-phase instability in any case.

It came earlier than expected, although not entirely surprising given the threat posed by Mr. Conte.

Mr Conte, a lawyer concealed by the Five Star and League to lead the government in 2018, has struggled to find his place as a political leader of what remains of the Five Star.

Members of Parliament say he is still bitter about being left out as prime minister in 2021, when he is replaced by Draghi and he is desperate to rebuild a wasted party that has lost half of its support .

The Five Star leader that made him prime minister – Luigi Di Maio, the current foreign minister – quit last month, taking dozens of members with him. Mr. Di Maio, a one-time firefighting brand, is now following in Mr. Draghi’s footsteps and talking about the importance of NATO, clearly seeing its future upon its founding.

Mr Conte has struggled to signal to his disgruntled supporters that he can meet their interests. He speaks in legal, often inconsistent terms and adds headaches as he repeatedly tries to appease the party’s often confusing founder, Beppe Grillo.

“The scenario has changed,” Conte told reporters after failing to reach a compromise during talks with Draghi on Wednesday. “We need another phase.”

Gaia Pianigiani Contribution reports from Siena, Italy.

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Teja
Teja
I am passionate about journalism and using new technology to spread news. I am also interested in politics and economics, and I am always looking for ways to make a difference in the world. I am the CEO of Janaseva News, and I am 24 years old.

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